ERA Rounds — A Snapshot
Percentage changes in indicators between ERA 2015 and ERA 2018
+6%No. of units of evaluation
+17%No. of outputs
+11%Total HERDC income (Cat 1-4)
-7%No. FTE (incl 'other' non academic)
+13%Headcount of salaried and non-salaried staff
+37%No. of patents
Number of outputs and applied measures in the four ERA rounds
An overview of the types and volume of research outputs and applied measures (excluding income) submitted to the four rounds of ERA is shown in this section. For a detailed breakdown of research outputs in ERA 2018 refer to Section 4 of this report.
Traditional research outputs (books, book chapters, journal articles and conference papers) apply to all disciplines. One category of non-traditional research outputs, entitled 'research report for an external body', applies to all disciplines. Other non-traditional outputs (curated or exhibited event, live performance, original creative work, recorded/rendered work) and portfolios only apply to some disciplines. See the ERA 2018 Discipline Matrix for information on the applicability of indicators in each discipline.
There has been an increase in the number of traditional research outputs over the four ERA reference periods, particularly journal articles. This may have been influenced by a number of factors, such as additional journals included in the 2018 submission journal list resulting in more articles being eligible for ERA; improvements in institutions’ data collection practices; and an increase in the number of overall researchers employed in the higher education research system.
For applied measures, the number of patents have significantly increased between ERA 2010 and ERA 2018.
Research outputs across ERA rounds
* Totals are as reported in the respective ERA national reports, please note the algorithm for removing duplicated outputs has been refined between ERA rounds.
**Output types within Portfolios are not included in the total.
Applied measures across ERA rounds
Trends in indexed journal articles in the three ERA rounds
The data present the yearly volume of indexed journal articles in each of the four ERA rounds to date. During ERA 2010, eligible institutions submitted a total of 22,452 unique indexed journal articles for the year 2003. In ERA 2018, eligible institutions submitted a total of 60,301 unique indexed journal articles for the year 2016–more than doubling in volume.
Since the algorithm for removing output duplication is refined between ERA rounds, the chart focusses on indexed journal articles. Indexed journal articles have a unique article identifier which allows the most accurate removal of duplicates and therefore enables comparisons across ERA rounds.