Research Outputs by Type
This section provides detailed profiles of national ERA data by two- and four-digit FoR codes. The data was submitted by higher education institutions at the four-digit FoR code level. The two-digit FoR report the aggregated data of all the four-digit FoR codes which sit beneath the relevant two-digit FoR code.
The table shows the number of research outputs submitted by output type. There are two broad groups of research output types:
1. Traditional: 'book', 'book chapter', 'journal article' and 'conference paper'; and
2. Non-traditional: 'curated or exhibited event', 'live performance', 'original creative work', 'recorded or rendered work' and 'research report for an external body'.
All disciplines were required to submit eligible traditional research outputs and eligible 'research reports for an external body' (a non-traditional research output type, applicable to all disciplines). All humanities, creative arts and social sciences disciplines were also required to submit other eligible non-traditional research outputs.
Non-traditional research outputs could be submitted as part of a 'portfolio'. A 'portfolio' is a group of individual works which together constitute a single non-traditional research output. The portfolio submission was supported with information to demonstrate coherent research content.
Please note that there are differences in the applicability of indicators for each discipline. These are specified in the ERA 2018 Discipline Matrix.
Where an indicator does not apply to a particular discipline, '-' is shown. '0' represents that the indicator applies to the discipline, but no data was submitted.